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Homelessness statistics

This site will be used to keep users up to date with all the latest developments in MHCLG’s homelessness statistics. Information and details of key work-streams will be posted here regularly.

You can also contact with views or questions.

MHCLG’s statistical publications page for accessing the latest data on statutory homelessness, prevention and relief, and rough sleeping can be found on Gov.UK.


New statutory homelessness case level collection (H-CLIC) updates

Final H-CLIC data requirement

H-CLIC data requirement/specification v1.4.4 published 11th April 2019. Adds validation information and relaxes legacy case mandatory information.

H-CLIC data summary v1.4.4 published 11th April 2019. This is a summary of the data fields and their format.

XSD of H-CLIC data requirement v1.4  was shared with local authorities and suppliers in mid February. Please contact to obtain a copy. This remains unchanged alongside the release of data requirement v1.4.1

H-CLIC Guidance for local authority officials and IT suppliers involved in moving from P1E to H-CLIC. First published on the 19th March 2018. Most recently updated on the 28th September 2018.

H-CLIC_online_DELTA_form_guidance. This is guidance on how to provide data via manual form or XML upload via DELTA, MCHLG’s data collection platform, published July 2018

Xpath validations v1.1 published 11th April. The validations in their xpath form.

Validations_glossary contains more detailed explanations of the errors generated when uploading and XML file to DELTA

Filters used to extract the data for the QA reports This is a working document which lists all filters that are applied to the DELTA data extracts to produce the quarterly QA reports.

Data protection guidance was shared with local authorities on the 1st March 2018, and was updated most recently on 16th May 2018.

Privacy notice templates were shared with local authorities on the 29th March 2018. And a poster version.

Privacy Impact Assessment a shortened version published 26th June 2018.

Frequently asked questions for local authority officials and IT suppliers involved in moving from P1E to H-CLIC. 

H-CLIC Newsletter

H-CLIC March 2019

H-CLIC February 2019

H-CLIC October 2018

H-CLIC September 2018

H-CLIC July 2018

H-CLIC June 2018

H-CLIC May 2018

H-CLIC April 2018

H-CLIC March 2018

H-CLIC February 2018

H-CLIC January 2018

Previous updates on H-CLIC

Previous versions 

H-CLIC data requirement v1.4.3 published 28th September 2018

H-CLIC data requirement v1.4.2 published 22nd May 2018

H-CLIC data requirement v1.3   published 13th December 2017

H-CLIC data requirement v1.2  published 26th October 2017

H-CLIC data requirement v1.1 published 25th October 2017

H-CLIC data requirement v1.0

Summary of the H-CLIC data requirement v1.4

Consultation response

Details of the changes made to the H-CLIC data requirement following the final consultation in (August-September 2017) is now available here. This document summarises the main changes and details all changes to data fields included in the final data requirement.

Updated new P1E data requirement ‘H-CLIC’

Late 2016, MHCLG embarked on a project to completely overhaul the P1E homelessness statistics collection. The new data collection is being set up to receive household level rather than aggregated local authority level data. It will cover a broader range of households, including all those who receive homelessness assistance from their local authority rather than, as now, focusing primarily on those that authorities are currently legally obliged to help under the statutory homeless definition. The design of the new data collection has been shaped by the Homelessness Reduction Act and will collect data to enable the effects of the Act to be monitored.

DCLG’s new online data collection system, DELTA, will accept H-CLIC case-level data via XML upload. An online version of H-CLIC will also be available for data entry and validation to those who require this. Further information about the DELTA system can be found here. There will be opportunities to participate in a pilot of the system before we go-live from April 2018.

Latest rough sleeping statistics

The latest rough sleeping statistics were published on 31 January 2019. These provide information on the single night snapshot of rough sleeping for autumn 2018

These are official statistics and are compiled by MHCLG analysts. The snapshot is taken annually in England using street counts, evidence-based estimates, and estimates informed by spotlight street counts. These statistics were compiled in consultation with over hundreds of local partners and agencies, including outreach teams, the police, health workers, voluntary organisations, and faith groups.

Homeless Link oversee and independently verify the counts and estimates process. The counts and estimates aim to get as accurate a representation of the number of people sleeping rough as possible. The counts and estimates single night snapshots provide a way of indicating the number of people sleeping rough across local authorities and assessing change over time. This method has been in place since 2010.


This year’s release provides much more information for users about the methodology and quality assurance processes used to compile these statistics and also highlights the difficulties of accurately measuring the number of people sleeping rough and some of the factors which may impact on the numbers identified. In particular, it includes information about the methods used since 2010, methodology changes, the groups who were consulted, a quality assessment of data quality and a flowchart showing the quality assurance process.

The release also includes more information for users about other MHCLG statistics on homelessness, including the new statutory homelessness statistics, CORE social housing statistics and statistics from the English Housing Survey. An explanation of the differences between the MHCLG snapshot method and the data recorded by outreach workers in London via Combined Homelessness and Information Network (CHAIN) is also given to give a more complete picture.

For the first time, Homeless Link also began to collect information about emerging forms of rough sleeping which don’t quite fall under the existing definition , for example people sleeping on public transport or in hospital waiting rooms to help inform whether there is any need to change the adapt the definition in the future.

Other improvements which have been made since the UKSA published their assessment report on the homelessness and rough sleeping statistics include reporting demographic details (age, nationality, gender) for the number of people sleeping rough and ensuring analysts have full responsibility and oversight of the administration of the rough sleeping statistics.

Future developments to improve the evidence base on rough sleeping

In the Rough Sleeping Strategy, we made a number of commitments regarding improving the data and evidence around rough sleeping and homelessness.

Specifically in relation to the rough sleeping count, we committed to support work in local areas to improve the recording and assessing of rough sleeping by autumn 2018, through our Rough Sleeping Initiative team. RSI advisers have worked intensively with local areas to support them to achieve a detailed understanding of their local cohort.

We want to improve the data collected by a wider range of services which people who sleep rough access, so that we can start to work towards an integrated approach to data, which was a recommendation of the Advisory Panel. We are keen to explore this approach and will establish data pilots by summer 2019 to develop and test an outcomes framework for homelessness and rough sleeping.

These pilots will involve working with a number of local authorities and their delivery partners to better understand what data is currently collected at the local level, how robust it is and what it tells us. They will also help develop data standards to support consistent approaches to local data collection, and subsequently develop and test a multi-agency outcomes framework, looking across a range of services, including key health services. This framework would help to define what local authorities and their delivery partners are expected to achieve through the provision of homelessness services and could support the development of homelessness and rough sleeping strategies.

Please contact if you have any views or questions.

Rough sleeping round table November 2016

MHCLG organised an event for users of rough sleeping statistics to gain an insight into their priorities with a view to formulating a future development plan. Invitees completed a survey in advance asking about what data they would like to be available and what they would use it for. The survey is still open for responses and can be found here. A summary of the responses so far is given in Survey responses. There were presentations on the day by GLA describing the CHAIN system, and from Homeless Link describing their Inform system and other systems in use elsewhere. This note gives details of the findings of the meeting and next steps.

Homelessness statistics user event April 2016

MHCLG hosted an event for users of homelessness statistics in April 2016 at which users were invited to prioritise various suggestions for developing the statistics. There was a unanimous view that collecting case level data on homelessness was the highest priority development.

A formal record of the event (including a list of attendees) has been published.

UKSA assessment report

UKSA published an assessment report of DCLG’s Homelessness Statistics in December 2015.